If someone says that you can be fat and healthy or thin and unhealthy, you may be shocked. But being fat isn’t necessarily bad and doesn’t necessarily make you unhealthy, according to researchers in United States and Germany. A study published in the European Heart Journal, the overweight people have lower risk of heart disease or cancer, compared with the normal weight people, and have fifty –fifty chance of high cholesterol, high blood pressure, or elevated blood sugar levels. The overweight people have 75% chance of normal results on blood tests for cholesterol and blood sugar, one-third of normal weight people.
Fat is a major source of energy and our body needs some fat from the foods. It is needed to build the cell membranes, the sheaths surrounding nerves and helps to absorb vitamins and minerals. Fat is very essential for blood clotting, inflammation and for long-term health. Some good fats include monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats and some bad dietary fats and some saturated fats fall somewhere in the middle.
The fats have similar chemical structure, hydrogen atoms bounded with a chain of carbon atoms. The length and shape of the carbon chain and the number of hydrogen atoms connected to the carbon atoms makes fats different to each other. This slight difference makes a crucial difference in form and function. We can divide fats into three categories:
- Good fats- It comes from vegetables, nuts, seeds, and fish and have fewer hydrogen atoms bonded to their carbon chains.
- Bad fats- It saturated fats comes from foods rich in trans fats like pizza, hot dog etc. When vegetable oils heated in a heavy-metal catalyst such as palladium in the presence of hydrogen than hydrogen atoms are added to the carbon chain and oils turns into solids.
- In-between fats- It comes from red meat, whole milk and other whole-milk dairy foods, cheese, coconut oil, and many commercially prepared baked goods etc.
The ideal body weight is a matter of study and raises questions more than answers. An ideal body weight is controversial. It may be perceptions of how the people appear and how their clothes fit and hoe they look; there may be more to health than meets the eye. There are not risk factors for big killers in the United States like stroke, heart disease etc.
A study says that is based on the data from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention survey. The study found that, when we talk about the risk of early death, being overweight may not be as important as where on the body your fat is distributed. The people with normal weight and had a paunch that is, a lot of visceral or belly fat, which, unlike run-of-the-mill subcutaneous fat is metabolically dangerous and promote insulin resistance and inflammation and had a higher risk of early death.
The people with concentrated belly fat also had a higher risk of death than overall obese people. Overweight people had a lower risk of heart disease and lower risk of early death as compared the people with normal weight or the underweight; the people who underweight had the highest death risk.
The main thing is that, being metabolically fit may be the game changer. So the fit person is metabolically better than someone who is unfit.